The different views between philosophers thomas hobbes and john locke

What they both share in common are beliefs in the importance of reason and ambivalent or ambiguous views of Christianity, perhaps closer to deism or agnosticism than traditional Christianity. Hobbes famously considered life in Hobbes famously considered life in a state of nature to be "nasty, brutish, and short", with civilization and the authority of rulers being the only thing standing between humans and complete barbarism, exemplified by a state of constant struggle.

The different views between philosophers thomas hobbes and john locke

However, they are both completely different in terms of their stand and conclusions in several laws of nature. Thomas Hobbes was an English philosopher from Malmesbury. Hobbes garnered recognition in several areas; he was the champion of absolutism for the sovereign, but greatly contributed to many other subjects as well, including ethics, geometry, physics of gases, theology, and even political science.

John Locke, on the other hand, has been coined the father of liberalism. He was one of the most influential Enlightenment thinkers and proved to be a great English philosopher and physician. Additionally, he was one of the first few empiricists in Britain.

He even greatly contributed to the American Declaration of Independence, focusing on the classical republicanism and liberal theory. John Locke obtained his education at a prestigious institution in London — Westminster School.

Once he finished his studies there, he was accepted to Christ Church, Oxford. The education of Thomas Hobbes was different. He studied at Westport Church when he was four years old.

Afterwards, he got into Malmesbury School, and even got the chance to attend a private school run by Robert Latimer. His scholastic records were impressive, so he continued his education at Magdalen Hall, closely connected to Hertford College, Oxford.

Both individuals had varying stands on different issues. One example is the issue of human nature. According to Locke, man is by nature a social animal.

The different views between philosophers thomas hobbes and john locke

Hobbes, however, thinks otherwise. When it comes to the issue of the state of nature, Locke believed that in that state, men are usually true to their word and fulfill their obligations. He used the American frontier and Soldania as his examples of individuals in the state of nature; they showed that peace and property rights could co-exist harmoniously.

Even though, in some places and times, violent conflicts could arise, they could mostly be resolved in a peaceful manner. Hobbes, on the other hand, made his stand on the state of nature perfectly clear in a brief statement; he said that there is no society that has no continual fear and danger of a violent death; in such a state, the life of man would be poor, brutal, short, and nasty.

Locke believed that we have the right to life as well as the right to just and impartial protection of our property. Any violation of the social contract would one in a state of war with his fellow countrymen. Conversely, Hobbes believed that if you simply do what you are told, you are safe.

You will not violate the social contract because you do not have the right to rebel. Locke and Hobbes were both social contract theorists and natural law theorists. The two philosophers had different educational backgrounds.

Hobbes was a known English philosopher from Malmesbury. On the other hand, Locke was a known doctor from Oxford University. Regarding human nature — according to Locke, that man is a social animal. Regarding the state of nature — according to Locke, man is true to his obligations and words.

According to Hobbes, the life of a man would be poor and brutal in a society with continuous fear and danger. Regarding the social contract — according to Locke, man has the right to life and just and impartial protection.

According to Hobbes, if man simply does what he is told, he is safe. If you like this article or our site. Please spread the word.Philosophers Thomas hobbes and john Locke both believed?

There are a number of different Sony DSLR model cameras and the features will vary depending on the model of . The two greatest philosophers in politics have two different visions when it comes to politics, Thomas Hobbes is arguing that Social Contract is a better system and it should adopted while John Locke argue that liberalism is way to govern people and every other country should take that path.

The two philosophers differ in the sense that whereas Thomas Hobbes supported absolutism for the sovereign, John Locke supported the establishment of authority that is subject to the people. Thesis: John Locke and Thomas Hobbes each advocated divergent tenets of human nature and government during the seventeenth century; John Locke promoted an optimistic view of human nature in which they lived under a government that protected the rights of the people; Thomas Hobbes published his perspective of the human soul as negative, believing the only way to combat its evilness by .

Jul 01,  · Two prominent English political philosophers have had a profound impact on modern political science. Thomas Hobbes and John Locke both have made contributions to modern political science and they both had similar views on where power lies in a plombier-nemours.coms: 8.

For John Locke, , the State of Nature is a very different type of place, and so his argument concerning the social contract and the nature of men's relationship to authority are consequently quite different.

While Locke uses Hobbes’ methodological device of the State of Nature, as do virtually all social contract theorists, he uses.

Locke versus Hobbes