Increasingly destructive hurricanes are putting a growing number of people and structures at risk Maria. For coastal communities, the social, economic, and physical scars left behind by major hurricanes are devastating. While hurricanes are a natural part of our climate system, recent research suggests that there has been an increase in intense hurricane activity in the North Atlantic since the s. In the future, there may not necessarily be more hurricanes, but there will likely be more intense hurricanes that carry higher wind speeds and more precipitation as a result of global warming.
Jamaica Bay and field sampling sites Science Issue and Relevance: Between and The stressors contributing to marsh loss include reduction in mineral sediment supply, sea level rise, change in tidal range, the dredging of navigation channels, and runoff of nitrogen-enriched wastewater among other factors.
Hurricane Sandy landfall along the east coast on October 30, provided an opportunity for studying the impacts of hurricanes on short-term sedimentation and erosion and long-term morphologic changes in coastal wetlands along the northeast coast, including the salt marshes of Jamaica Bay, New York.
Methodology for Addressing the Issue: In this research, USGS and collaborators are developing a high spatial resolution, process-driven, hurricane-wetland numerical modeling system for the Jamaica Bay Estuary using the Delft3D model.
Hurricane-induced wind, waves, storm surge, hydrodynamics, sediment transport, wetland morphology dynamics, and interactions and associated feedback mechanisms are incorporated in the Jamaica Bay hurricane-wetland model Figure 2.
Preliminary results showed that simulated wind speed, wind direction, and water level agree reasonably well with observations.
Impacts of waves and vegetation on sediment transport, deposition, and erosion were investigated using numerical experiments. We will use the modeling system to assess short-term sedimentation and erosion, and to predict the long-term morphologic dynamics of Hurricane Sandy on salt marshes of Jamaica Bay, New York.
The hurricane-wetland numerical modeling system Future Steps: This research is a Round 1 project and is underway. This modeling approach is being used to examine future hurricane impacts on salt marsh morphology in Jamaica Bay, New York Round 2 project.Researchers at the New York University School of Medicine, partnered with the Fire Department of the City of New York (FDNY), evaluated prehospital care delivery (emergency ambulance services) after the catastrophic closure of multiple hospitals during Hurricane Sandy.
The intervention had no impact on readmissions or mortality.
During the post-implementation period, the hospital was evacuated and closed for 2 months due to damage from Hurricane Sandy, and a new hospital-wide electronic health record was introduced.
The contributions of . Hurricane Sandy swept up the East Coast of the United States in late October The storm began in the southern Caribbean Sea and quickly developed first into a tropical storm, then into a hurricane.
When Hurricane Sandy tore through New York City on October 29, it left in its wake thousands of people who are still struggling to recover. Preparing for a Hurricane 77 Hospitals at a Time October 1, June 1 to November 30 is known as hurricane season in the Atlantic, but the peak of the season is from mid-August to October.
Jersey were affected by impacts from Hurricane/Post Tropical Cyclone Sandy (hereafter, Sandy) in the 12 months after it made landfall near Brigantine, New Jersey, on October 29, Results are primarily.