Introduction to Sociology Instructor: Observing the students over the past three months has caused me to ponder over how young people mature and what influences them on a daily basis.
Belfast blitz Meanwhile, Northern Ireland as part of the United Kingdom was at war and the Harland and Wolff shipyards in Belfast were among the strategic targets for German attack.
The Luftwaffe carried out a bombing raid on Belfast on 7 April ; eight people died. On 15 AprilLuftwaffe bombers attacked Belfast. There was only one RAF squadron and seven anti-aircraft batteries to defend Belfast.
Over 1, died and 56, houses more than half of the city's housing stock were damaged leavingtemporarily homeless. De Valera followed up with his "they are our people" speech. Although there was a later raid on 4 May, it was confined to the docks and shipyards.
The public mood was already agitated, fearing a German invasion and the implications of the bombings added to the concern. So as not to antagonise the Germans further, the Irish authorities initially declined to confirm that the bombs were German.
Unlike the earlier bombing incidents, there was no public speculation that the perpetrators were anyone other than the Luftwaffe. Winston Churchill later conceded that the raids might have been the result of a British invention which distorted Luftwaffe radio guidance beams so as to throw their planes off course.
On 3 October, the German news agency announced that the German government would pay compensation, but only West Germany paid this after the war, using Marshall Aid money. Joint plans of action were then drawn up between the British and Irish intelligence services and military under Plan W.
Cooperation did not end there and also included the British signalling through GPO lines when it believed German planes were headed towards Ireland. These evacuees included over two hundred children orphaned by the bombing.
The Ambassador, David Graysaid that he would not attend unless it was held in St. Patrick's Church of Ireland Cathedral, Dublin. Walsh tried to contact the Ambassador, but was told that Gray was unavailable.
Neither service was held. Since the Ambassador would be unavailable to receive condolences, de Valera sent his secretary to deliver his condolences rather than trying to deliver them in person.
De Valera then instructed that flags be lowered to half-mast as a mark to respect to the late President. The agents' mission had been to infiltrate Britain via Ireland. Ralph Ingersollwho visited Britain in latewrote that year that "Many informed people in Great Britain suspect that the [German] submarines are using bases in Ireland.
The German ambassador at the German Legation in Dublin, Eduard Hempelhad his radio confiscated in to prevent him from passing information to his leaders. De Valera said that "it was a wanton and inexcusable act. There was no possibility of a mistake, the conditions of visibility were good and the neutral markings on our ships were clear.
There was no warning given. Inthe German Government had very little intelligence on Ireland and Britain. The Abwehr also made attempts to foster intelligence gathering links with the IRA, but found that the IRA was in no condition to be of serious use — these attempts were to occur during the period — The German military also drew up plans detailing how an invasion of Ireland might take place.
These plans were titled Plan Green and any invasion was to act as a diversionary attack in support of a main attack to conquer Britain titled Operation Sea Lion. Both of these plans were shelved by These fears led to another German intelligence plan — Operation Osprey — but it was abandoned when the feared American invasion failed to take place.
The British also had a plan to occupy the entire Island as a response to any attempted German invasion. They had always sought to privately reassure de Valera that any invasion by their troops would be by invitation only.
This scheme was titled Plan W and intricate details were worked out with the Irish government and military over how to react to a German invasion. The Irish military shared details of their defences and military capabilities with the British and troops stationed in Northern Ireland.
The reassurances from the British did not altogether console de Valera however, and he was frequently suspicious, while German forces still threatened Britain, that the British might invade the territory of the State. He did not know that the Prime Minister of Northern IrelandCraigavonwas urging London to seize the port at Cobhor that attempts had been made to split the consensus over the Neutrality policy.
Concessions such as relaxing of the claim on Lough Swilly to allow British navy and airforce patrols did go some way to easing the tension.The Case for Reparations. Two hundred fifty years of slavery. Ninety years of Jim Crow.
Sixty years of separate but equal. Thirty-five years of racist housing policy. This essay delves deeply into the origins of the Vietnam War, critiques U.S. justifications for intervention, examines the brutal conduct of the war, and discusses the .
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