His claim to fame Who is Archimedes? He is considered by some historians of mathematics to be one of the greatest mathematicians from ancient times. He discovered the relation between the surface and volume of a sphere and its circumscribing cyclinder he discovered pi.

Archimedes went to Alexandria about B. He later returned to Syracuse where he apparently stayed the rest of his life. Archimedes performed countless experiments on screws, levers, and pulleys. The Archimedean screw, also called a water snail, isstill used in certain parts of the world to raise and move water.

This screwenclosed in a cylinder created, in essence, the first water pump, and is perhaps his most remembered invention. The Archimedean screw has been the basis for the creation of many other tools, such as the combine harvester and auger drills. His work with levers and pulleys led to the inventions of compound pulley systems and cranes.

His compound pulleys are highlighted in a story that reports that Archimedes moved a fully-loaded ship single-handedly while seated at a distance. His crane was reportedly used in warfare during the Roman siege of his home, Syracuse. Other wartime inventions attributed to Archimedes include rock-throwing catapults, grappling hooks, and lenses or mirrors that could allegedly reflect thesun's rays and cause ships to catch on fire.

He invented a self-moving celestial model representing the sun, moon, and constellations, so accurate that it even showed eclipses in a time-lapse manner. This invention utilized a system of screws and pulleys that moved the globes in their various courses and speeds.

Many of Archimedes's inventions were spawned by the experiments he conductedto prove his theories.

He earned the honorary title father of experimentalscience because he not only discussed and explained many basic scientific principles, but he also tested them in a process of trial and experimentation which was based upon three essential principles.

The first of these principles is the idea that natural laws continue to work even with large changes in size. The second principle proposes that mechanical power can be transferred from models used in laboratory work to practical applications.

The third principle states that a rational, step-by-step logic is involved in solving mechanical problems and designing equipment. Adherence to these principles led Archimedes to such inventions as block and tackle systems, the water snail screw, and devices for driving objects using axles and drums.

Even today, inventors and scientists assume Archimedean principles to be basic to their fields. Archimedes did more than create a number of useful inventions. For instance,he dealt with mathematical principles such as calculating the value of pi tofigure the areas and volumes of curved surfaces and circular forms.

During this process, Archimedes used methods similar to calculus, which was not to becreated for almost another two thousand years. He also created a form of exponential notation to allow him to prove that nothing exists that is too largeto measure.

The Archimedes Claw also known as the Iron Claw is a weapon designed to defend Syracuse from invading Roman fleets. It consisted of a lever with a claw or a grappling hook that would lift the ship out of the water and drop it . Archimedes (Greek: Ἀρχιμήδης; c. BC – BC) was a Hellenistic mathematician, physicist, engineer, astronomer, and philosopher, born on the seaport colony of Syracuse, Magna Graecia, what is now Sicily. Many consider him one of the greatest, if not the greatest, mathematicians in antiquity. bc – bc Even though Archimedes achieved his fame through his mechanical inventions, he believed that pure mathematics was the only worthy pursuit. He is even considered by most mathematical historians as one of the greatest mathematicians of all time.

His theories in the realm of statics, particularly in the studiesof gravity, balance, and equilibrium were based on experiments with levers.

The famous story of Archimedes death, though again apocryphal, is that a Roman soldier killed him during an invasion because Archimedes refused to leave the contemplation of the mathematical diagrams he had drawn in the dirt.

Comment about this article, ask questions, or add new information about this topic:Archimedes was born in BC and lived until his death in BC in Syracuse in what is now Sicily. Syracuse was then a Greek colony. Archimedes lived from about BC to about BC in. DESCRIPTION: Archimedes was also one of the first to apply mathematics to physical phenomena, founding hydrostatics and statics, including an explanation of the principle of .

Images similar to FOT 'Archimedes of Syracuse, BC - BC, Ancient Greek mathe'. Showing 1 - of 7, Archimedes ( BC - BC) developed the screw principle and used it to construct devices to raise water.

The water screw may have originated in Egypt before the time of Archimedes. Archimedes(c. BC – c. BC): Birth, Life, Mathematician, the Works, Inventions by jarodhk The ability to observe what happens, to understand what is observed, and to use the information to discover new ideas is the mark of the scientist.

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As such it has no obvious claim to be regarded as possessing special significance, but it is also a palimpsest, i. In this codex most of the leaves derive from a uniquely important manuscript of Archimedes, dating from the mid-tenth century. |

Greek mathematician who flourished in Sicily. He is generally considered to be the greatest mathematician of ancient times. Most of the facts about his life come from a biography about the Roman soldier Marcellus written by the Roman biographer Plutarch.

Archimedes performed numerous geometric proofs using the rigid geometric .

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