See Article History Druid, Celtic: They seem to have frequented oak forests and acted as priests, teachers, and judges. The earliest known records of the Druids come from the 3rd century bce. According to Julius Caesarwho is the principal source of information about the Druids, there were two groups of men in Gaul that were held in honour, the Druids and the noblemen equites.
Bibliography of Sources for Further Study An Introduction to Celtic History The lands occupied by Celtic peoples, whose existence can be traced over more than 25 centuries, were vast. The Celtic people have mystified anthropologists and historians for generations. They were a non literate culture whose history and literature was preserved through oral tradition.
The only written records of their civilization are the texts left by classical authors, the first of which appear circa BCE. These accounts, inaccurate as they may be, are important in that they demonstrate that the Celts came into cultural contact, and sometimes competition, with the Greeks as well as the Romans.
In recent years, modern archeology has been successful in reconstructing an echo of the "voice" of the ancient Celts. Facets of Celtic society, economy, and religion completely ignored by Classical texts have been brought to light.
The classical image of Celtic life describes barbaric men and women dressed in uncured animal skins in primitive villages, people who worshipped strange deities and whose lives were consumed in blood feuds.
Because of the authority of the classical authors, these ancient misconceptions were pervasive.
The Celts impressed the Greeks and Romans with their bold dress and powerful appearance. Generally characterized by classical observers as a people of fair hair, of red or gold, and fair complexions, although the people of the British Isles were described as small and dark-haired most Celtic women apparently stood taller than the average Roman citizen.
Celtic women, upon reaching maturity, adopted a complex braided style for their hair, and wore dyed and embroidered dresses. Plaids, or wrapped woven cloaks, were common for men and women alike, and gold and silver torques and armrills, as well as rings, adorned wealthy Celts.
Brooches that held closed the openings of dresses and plaids were another common feature of Celtic dress. Gallic men commonly spiked their hair and bleached it to an almost white color with chalky water, and wore their beards long, while the Bretons and Picts tattooed their arms and faces with blue.
Many Danish and English bogs have yielded archeological evidence of cloth and dress, and Roman historians such as Tacitus also document some of the customs of everyday Celtic life. Some features of Celtic life were not as closely chronicled in classical sources. The quality of Celtic metal-work was technically and artistically advanced.
Most Celtic people lived in well-populated farming villages, with larger towns linking smaller settlements and acting as meeting sites for economic and cultural activity. Fortified cities and shrines were erected along well-travelled roadways. Celtic societies, once considered "barbaric" as seen through the lens of classical observers, are now looked upon as advanced cultures networked through the bond of a common linguistic heritage.
Piecing together the culture and lives of the ancient Celts, in the absence of clear archeological or textual record, is not an easy task.In the literature the druids cast spells and turn people into animals or stones, or curse peoples’ crops to be blighted.
When druids are portrayed in early Irish sagas and saints' lives set in the pre-Christian past of the island, they . Celtic Origins, History & Mythology - The Druids & Medieval Europe (Enya, Romans, Celtic Gods, History, Xinjiang, Vikings, Saxons Book 1) - Kindle edition by Michael Hector.
Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets.3/5(6). Celtic religion: Celtic religion, religious beliefs and practices of the ancient Celts.
The Celts, an ancient Indo-European people, reached the apogee of their influence and territorial expansion during the 4th century bc, extending across the length of Europe from Britain to Asia Minor. There is a lot of mystery shrouding the actual history of the Druids, as our knowledge is based on limited records.
Druidism is thought to have been a part of Celtic and Gaulish culture in Europe, with the first classical reference to them in the 2nd century BC.
Druid, (Celtic: “Knowing [or Finding] the Oak Tree”), member of the learned class among the ancient Celts.
They seem to have frequented oak forests and acted as priests, teachers, and judges. They seem to have frequented oak forests and acted as priests, teachers, and judges.
Most modern Druids connect the origin of their religion to the ancient Celtic people. However, historical data is scarce. The Druids may well have been active in Britain and perhaps in northern Europe before the advent of the Celts.