Plot overview and analysis written by an experienced literary critic. Full study guide for this title currently under development. To be notified when we launch a full study guide, please contact us contact us. Julius Caesar Summary SuperSummary, a modern alternative to SparkNotes and CliffsNotes, offers high-quality study guides that feature detailed chapter summaries and analysis of major themes, characters, quotes, and essay topics.
Cleopatra by John William Waterhouse Mark Antony — one of the triumvirs of the Roman Republic, along with Octavius and Lepidus — has neglected his soldierly duties after being beguiled by Egypt's Queen, Cleopatra.
He ignores Rome's domestic problems, including the fact that his third wife Fulvia rebelled against Octavius and then died. Octavius calls Antony back to Rome from Alexandria to help him fight against Sextus Pompey, Menecrates, and Menas, three notorious pirates of the Mediterranean.
At Alexandria, Cleopatra begs Antony not to go, and though he repeatedly affirms his deep passionate love for her, he eventually leaves.
The triumvirs meet in Rome, where Antony and Octavius put to rest, for now, their disagreements. Octavius' general, Agrippa, suggests that Antony should marry Octavius's sister, Octavia, in order to cement the friendly bond between the two men.
Antony's lieutenant Enobarbus, though, knows that Octavia can never satisfy him after Cleopatra. In a famous passage, he describes Cleopatra's charms: In Egypt, Cleopatra learns of Antony's marriage to Octavia and takes furious revenge upon the messenger who brings her the news.
She grows content only when her courtiers assure her that Octavia is homely: Before battle, the triumvirs parley with Sextus Pompey, and offer him a truce. He can retain Sicily and Sardiniabut he must help them "rid the sea of pirates" and send them tributes.
After some hesitation Sextus agrees. They engage in a drunken celebration on Sextus' galley, though the austere Octavius leaves early and sober from the party.
Menas suggests to Sextus that he kill the three triumvirs and make himself ruler of the Roman Republic, but he refuses, finding it dishonourable.
This is unapproved by Antony, and he is furious. Antony returns to Alexandria and crowns Cleopatra and himself as rulers of Egypt and the eastern third of the Roman Republic which was Antony's share as one of the triumvirs. He accuses Octavius of not giving him his fair share of Sextus' lands, and is angry that Lepidus, whom Octavius has imprisoned, is out of the triumvirate.
Octavius agrees to the former demand, but otherwise is very displeased with what Antony has done. In this Baroque vision, Battle of Actium by Laureys a CastroCleopatra flees, lower left, in a barge with a figurehead of Fortuna.
Antony prepares to battle Octavius. Enobarbus urges Antony to fight on land, where he has the advantage, instead of by sea, where the navy of Octavius is lighter, more mobile and better manned.
Antony refuses, since Octavius has dared him to fight at sea. Cleopatra pledges her fleet to aid Antony. However, during the Battle of Actium off the western coast of Greece, Cleopatra flees with her sixty ships, and Antony follows her, leaving his forces to ruin.
Ashamed of what he has done for the love of Cleopatra, Antony reproaches her for making him a coward, but also sets this true and deep love above all else, saying "Give me a kiss; even this repays me.
She hesitates, and flirts with the messenger, when Antony walks in and angrily denounces her behavior. He sends the messenger to be whipped. Eventually, he forgives Cleopatra and pledges to fight another battle for her, this time on land.
On the eve of the battle, Antony's soldiers hear strange portents, which they interpret as the god Hercules abandoning his protection of Antony.
Furthermore, Enobarbus, Antony's long-serving lieutenant, deserts him and goes over to Octavius' side. Rather than confiscating Enobarbus' goods, which Enobarbus did not take with him when he fled, Antony orders them to be sent to Enobarbus.
Enobarbus is so overwhelmed by Antony's generosity, and so ashamed of his own disloyalty, that he dies from a broken heart. Antony loses the battle as his troops desert en masse and he denounces Cleopatra: Cleopatra decides that the only way to win back Antony's love is to send him word that she killed herself, dying with his name on her lips.
She locks herself in her monument, and awaits Antony's return. He begs one of his aides, Eros, to run him through with a sword, but Eros cannot bear to do it and kills himself.
Antony admires Eros' courage and attempts to do the same, but only succeeds in wounding himself. In great pain, he learns that Cleopatra is indeed alive. He is hoisted up to her in her monument and dies in her arms.
Octavius goes to Cleopatra trying to persuade her to surrender. She angrily refuses since she can imagine nothing worse than being led in chains through the streets of Rome, proclaimed a villain for the ages.A summary of Act I, scene i in William Shakespeare's Julius Caesar. Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of Julius Caesar and what it means.
Perfect for acing essays, tests, and quizzes, as well as for writing lesson plans. Shakespeare's Julius Caesar scene by scene, with analysis and explanatory notes. Probably written in , Julius Caesar was the earliest of Shakespeare's three Roman history plays.
Probably written in , Julius Caesar was the earliest of Shakespeare's three Roman history plays. Like Antony and Cleopatra and Coriolanus, Julius Caesar is a dramatization of actual events, Shakespeare drawing upon the ancient Roman historian Plutarch's Lives of Caesar, Brutus, and Mark Antony as the primary source of the play's plot and . Oct 12, · Check out William Shakespeare's Julius Caesar Video SparkNote: Quick and easy Julius Caesar synopsis, analysis, and discussion of major characters and themes in the play. Julius Caesar: Character Introduction Brutus Marcus Junius Brutus, Roman senator and mastermind of the plot to assassinate Julius Caesar, is the central character of the play.
Like Antony and Cleopatra and Coriolanus, Julius Caesar is a dramatization of actual events. The Tragedy of Hamlet, Prince of Denmark, often shortened to Hamlet (/ ˈ h æ m l ɪ t /), is a tragedy written by William Shakespeare at an uncertain date between and Set in Denmark, the play dramatises the revenge Prince Hamlet is called to wreak upon his uncle, Claudius, by the ghost of Hamlet's father, King plombier-nemours.comus had murdered his own brother and seized the throne.
Antony and Cleopatra (First Folio title: The Tragedie of Anthonie, and Cleopatra) is a tragedy by William plombier-nemours.com play was performed first circa at the Blackfriars Theatre or the Globe Theatre by the King's Men. Its first appearance in print was in the Folio of The plot is based on Thomas North's translation of Plutarch's Lives and follows the relationship between Cleopatra.
A summary of Themes in William Shakespeare's Julius Caesar. Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of Julius Caesar and what it means. Perfect for acing essays, tests, and quizzes, as well as for writing lesson plans.