Administering medication and the monitoring of the effects of the medication

Implementing a change in practice within these environments can produce anxiety or fear of failure in nurses, leading to a resistance to change practice. Medication errors in hospital settings lead to devastating consequences for both nurse and patient that can be reduced significantly through the use of technology that improves patient care and saves time for busy nurses. Bar-coded medication administration is one type of technology that uses a scanning device to compare bar codes on patient identification bands with bar codes on prescribed medications, electronically verifying the medications against the medication records, thereby reducing medication errors significantly. Keywords Change management, Lewin change theory, Medication errors, Bar-coded Medication Administration Introduction Medication safety has been identified by the Institute for Safe Medication Practices Canada ISMPC as a priority among hospitals and long term care facilities since medication errors in hospitals are a serious threat to patient safety.

Administering medication and the monitoring of the effects of the medication

Medication errors were estimated to account for more than 7, deaths annually. With the growing reliance on medication therapy as the primary intervention for most illnesses, patients receiving medication interventions are exposed to potential harm as well as benefits.

Medication Administration

Harm from medications can arise from unintended consequences as well as medication error wrong medication, wrong time, wrong dose, etc. With inadequate nursing education about patient safety and quality, excessive workloads, staffing inadequacies, fatigue, illegible provider handwriting, flawed dispensing systems, and problems with the labeling of drugs, nurses are continually challenged to ensure that their patients receive the right medication at the right time.

The purpose of this chapter is to review the research regarding medication safety in relation to nursing care. We will show that while we have an adequate and consistent knowledge base of medication error reporting and distribution across phases of the medication process, the knowledge base to inform interventions is very weak.

Defining Medication Errors Shared definitions of several key terms are important to understanding this chapter. Any preventable event that may cause or lead to inappropriate medication use or patient harm while the medication is in the control of the health care professional, patient, or consumer.


Such events may be related to professional practice, health care products, procedures, and systems, including prescribing; order communication; product labeling, packaging, and nomenclature; compounding; dispensing; distribution; administration; education; monitoring; and use.

Medications with similar names or similar packaging Medications that are not commonly used or prescribed Commonly used medications to which many patients are allergic e. Misreading medication names that look similar is a common mistake. These look-alike medication names may also sound alike and can lead to errors associated with verbal prescriptions.

This list is available at www. Medication errors occur in all settings 5 and may or may not cause an adverse drug event ADE. Medications with complex dosing regimens and those given in specialty areas e.

Most of the common types of errors resulting in patient death involved the wrong dose The causes of these deaths were categorized as oral and written miscommunication, name confusion e.

Adverse Drug Events and Adverse Drug Reactions Adverse drug events are defined as injuries that result from medication use, although the causality of this relationship may not be proven. These warnings are intended to be the strongest labeling requirement for drugs or drug products that can have serious adverse reactions or potential safety hazards, especially those that may result in death or serious injury.

Knowledge and Understanding

The authors concluded that BBWs did not prevent the inappropriate use of high-risk medications. The researchers found that 3. About one in four of these adverse events were judged to be attributable to negligence, and 58 percent were judged to be preventable.

It is difficult to reduce or eliminate medication errors when information on their prevalence is absent, inaccurate, or contradictory.AH2 Prepare to, and administer medication to individuals, and monitor the effects Overview For this unit you need to prepare for, administer and monitor the effects of medication on individuals.

Breastfeeding and Medication Recent Clinical Report Reaffirms that Most Medications and Immunizations Are Safe for Breastfeeding Mothers. Medication Pass Fundamentals Part 2: The 7 Rights, 3 Way Check, Basics of Preparing and Administering: Oral, Ophthalmic, Otic and Nasal Medications, Common Errors.

´╗┐Administering Medication to Individuals and Monitoring the Effects Essay Sample.

Administering medication and the monitoring of the effects of the medication

The Care and Social Services Inspectorate Wales (CSSIW) are the regulatory body that provide us with standards that are expected of us when administrating medication.

Physicians, advanced practice nurses, dentists, and physician assistants; They are responsible for obtaining clients' medical history, performing a physical examination, diagnosing, prescribing medications, monitoring response to therapy, and modifying prescriptions as necessary.

This online training course covers a wide range of topics relating to the safe handling and administration of medication within the healthcare industry.

AH2 - Prepare to, and administer medication to individuals, and monitor the effects