For more than half a century, it has been the most prevalent child mental health therapy in the United States. While play therapy is traditionally implemented with children ages 3 to 12, many play therapy techniques e. There is no single play therapy approach; instead, there are several prominent theoretical schools of thought and numerous play therapy techniques. Though play therapy is most often used as an individual therapy, it is also implemented via group play therapy and family play therapy.
Ellis first presented his ideas at a conference of the American Psychological Association in  then published a seminal article in entitled "Rational psychotherapy and individual psychology", in which he set the foundation for what he was calling Rational Therapy RT and carefully responded to questions from Rudolf Dreikurs and others about the similarities and differences with Alfred Adler 's Individual psychology.
Ellis' own approach was renamed to Rational Emotive Therapy inthen to the current term in Precursors of certain fundamental aspects of Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy have been identified in ancient philosophical traditions, particularly Stoicism.
The A-B-C model states that it is not an A, adversity or activating event that cause disturbed and dysfunctional emotional and behavioral Cs, consequences, but also what people B, irrationally believe about the A, adversity.
A, adversity can be an external situation, or a thought, a feeling or other kind of internal event, and it can refer to an event in the past, present, or future.
E- The effective new philosophy or belief that develops in that person through the occurrence of D in their minds of A and B F- The developed feelings of ones self either at point and after point C or at point after point E.
The Bs, irrational beliefs that are most important in the A-B-C model are explicit and implicit philosophical meanings and assumptions about events, personal desires, and preferences. The Bs, beliefs that are most significant are highly evaluative and consist of interrelated and integrated cognitive, emotional and behavioral aspects and dimensions.
According to REBT, if a person's evaluative B, belief about the A, activating event is rigid, absolutistic, fictional and dysfunctional, the C, the emotional and behavioral consequence, is likely to be self-defeating and destructive. Alternatively, if a person's belief is preferential, flexible and constructive, the C, the emotional and behavioral consequence is likely to be self-helping and constructive.
Through REBT, by understanding the role of their mediating, evaluative and philosophically based illogical, unrealistic and self-defeating meanings, interpretations and assumptions in disturbance, individuals can learn to identify them, then go to D, disputing and questioning the evidence for them.
At E, effective new philosophy, they can recognize and reinforce the notion no evidence exists for any psychopathological must, ought or should and distinguish them from healthy constructs, and subscribe to more constructive and self-helping philosophies. The REBT framework assumes that humans have both innate rational meaning self-helping, socially helping, and constructive and irrational meaning self-defeating, socially defeating, and unhelpful tendencies and leanings.
REBT claims that people to a large degree consciously and unconsciously construct emotional difficulties such as self-blameself-pityclinical anger, hurt, guilt, shame, depression and anxietyand behaviors and behavior tendencies like procrastinationcompulsiveness, avoidance, addiction and withdrawal by the means of their irrational and self-defeating thinking, emoting and behaving.
By using different cognitive, emotive and behavioral methods and activities, the client, together with help from the therapist and in homework exercises, can gain a more rational, self-helping and constructive rational way of thinking, emoting and behaving.
One of the main objectives in REBT is to show the client that whenever unpleasant and unfortunate activating events occur in people's lives, they have a choice of making themselves feel healthily and self-helpingly sorry, disappointed, frustrated, and annoyed, or making themselves feel unhealthily and self-defeatingly horrified, terrified, panicked, depressed, self-hating and self-pitying.
Insight 1 — People seeing and accepting the reality that their emotional disturbances at point C are only partially caused by the activating events or adversities at point A that precede C.
Insight 2 — No matter how, when, and why people acquire self-defeating or irrational beliefs i. They do so not because they held them in the past, but because they still actively hold them in the present often unconsciouslywhile continuing to reaffirm their beliefs and act as if they are still valid.
In their minds and hearts, the troubled people still follow the core "musturbatory" philosophies they adopted or invented long ago, or ones they recently accepted or constructed.
Insight 3 — No matter how well they have gained insights 1 and 2, insight alone rarely enables people to undo their emotional disturbances. They may feel better when they know, or think they know, how they became disturbed, because insights can feel useful and curative. Only by a combined cognitive, emotive, and behavioral, as well as a quite persistent and forceful attack on one's serious emotional problems, is one likely to significantly ameliorate or remove them, and keep them removed.
Insight 4 — That in order for point D to occur in ones life often circumstances need to occur or transpire in order for the dispute in ones self and ones own emotions to happen.Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy: The Basics SMART Recovery National Training Conference Phoenix, AZ November 12, F.
Michler Bishop, Ph.D, CAS. Rational emotive behavior therapy (REBT), previously called rational therapy and rational emotive therapy, is an active-directive, philosophically and empirically based psychotherapy, the aim of which is to resolve emotional and behavioral problems and disturbances and to help people to lead happier and more fulfilling lives.
Play therapy can be defined as a cluster of theory-driven treatment modalities used to establish an interpersonal process wherein trained play therapists help clients prevent or resolve psychosocial difficulties, facilitate optimal development, and reestablish the ability to engage in adaptive play behavior.
Albert Ellis, an important contributor to the ideas behind cognitive-behavioral therapy and the founder of Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT), discovered that people’s beliefs strongly affected their emotional functioning.
In particular certain irrational beliefs made people feel depressed, anxious or angry and led to self-defeating behaviors. The purpose of Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT) is to help substitute a(n) _____, which will result in more positive and more comfortable consequent feelings.
a. Rational belief (rB) for a current irrational belief (iB). Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy is an active-directive, solution-oriented therapy which focuses on resolving emotional, cognitive and behavioral problems in clients.
Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy is one of the first forms of Cognitive Behavior Therapy and was first expounded by Ellis in